East Carolina University is a public, coeducational, engaged doctoral/research university located in Greenville, North Carolina, United States. Named East Carolina University by statute and commonly known as ECU or East Carolina, the university is the largest institution of higher learning in eastern North Carolina and the third-largest university in North Carolina (second-largest according to US News and World Report which uses Undergraduate Admission as its determinant). With a Fall 2010 enrollment of 27,816 students, it is the fastest-growing campus in the University of North Carolina system for six consecutive years.
The North Carolina General Assembly founded ECU on March 8, 1907 as a teacher training school and selected Greenville as its seat on July 2, 1908 with the first classes beginning in 1909. While East Carolina has historical strengths in education, nursing, business, music, theater, and medicine, it offers over 100 Bachelor degree areas of study including mathematics, hospitality management, Information and Computer Technology, engineering, construction management, computer science, exercise physiology, political science, social work,and environmental health.
The school was originally established to train teachers for North Carolina, specifically the eastern part of the state, and continues this mission. However, today it also serves the region, the state and the nation through The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, The Small Business Institute , through the College of Business, and by conducting highly regarded outreach and research in the arts, coastal sciences, literature, education, chemistry and other disciplines.
East Carolina University is a publicly supported institution. Tuition payments and other required student fees meet only a part of the total cost of the education of students enrolled. On the average, for each full-time student enrolled in an institution of the University of North Carolina, the State of North Carolina appropriated $12,668 per year in public funds to support the educational programs offered.